Islam from a Biblical Perspective II
It is essential to know HOW to understand prophetic passages and origins of peoples and lands.
The Ancestral-Migration Method - Because thousands of years have passed since the prophecies were made, tracking down most of the civilizations mentioned by the prophets can be quite difficult, if not impossible, and the results of such efforts are rarely convincing.
Avoiding the Hyper-Allegorical Method - Many conservative scholars overcompensate in the name of caution and claim that the various names and peoples mentioned by the prophets are simply references to the general enemies of God's people. This is the hyper-allegorical approach. Unfortunately, as one surveys the treatment of these texts, even in most conservative commentaries, the hyper-allegorical approach is the most commonly applied method.
The Prophetic-Literal Approach - The most reasonable approach is to emphasize two correlations between the ancient names and peoples and their last-days fulfillment. The first correlation is the same general geographic location. This method identifies the location of the land or people at the time of the prophecy was made, and then looks to the nation or people that inhabit this region today. The second correlation to emphasize is the persistent, violent enmity toward the people and land of Israel. Throughout the prophets, this is the most often repeated basis for historical judgments against the enemies of God's people. It is also the most emphasized basis for the judgment of God's people on the Day of the Lord. By emphasizing the coupling of geography and the "perpetual enmity" against God's people, we read the many Day of the Lord prophecies as pointing to the modern-day hostile nations that share the same general location as their ancient anti-Semitic counterparts. Quite simply, compare a Biblical map to a map from today.