The Gap Theory IV
With all due respect to Thomas Dolby, blinding someone with science is not always “poetry in motion”. An overabundance of facts can sometimes lead one to believe, as Queen Gertrude did in Hamlet, that “the lady doth protest too much…”. When someone is giving you more words than is necessary, they might be pulling a Queen Gertrude.
Given the facts that are laid out in science for a universe that is about 13.8 billion years old, it should not give the reader a headache to try and understand them. If Jesus truly did create the universe and everything within it, then it should be simple. Why? While He is very complex, He made everything for us simple and easy to follow. He understood there would be many different personalities and learning capabilities as well as levels of education. He also made it clear that any and all should be able to not only have access to the information but to learn it. If an uneducated person wished to understand the universe, it should come to him as easy as it does to the educated.
The first question one should ask is, “how do you know?” when asked about the age of the universe. It seems simple enough. According to www.hubblesite.org, there are two methods. The first is to measure the speeds and distances of galaxies. The second is to know how fast the universe is expanding or accelerating. There are other methods, but these two allow for an accurate reading. The general premise is that all the galaxies were together at one point, so by calculating how fast they are traveling and how fast the universe is expanding, one can determine how old the universe is. For example, if you go from point A to point B, and you are going 60 miles per hour, a trip of 60 miles will take one hour, or 60 minutes. There are a lot of little studies that help narrow this down like the life of a star, the study of interstellar dust, globular clusters, etc. For our purposes, the speed of the galaxies and the expansion factor of the universe will suffice.
If the universe is about 13.8 billion years old, how old is the earth? According to most sources, the earth is about 4.6 billion years old. The use of radiometric dating is heavily relied upon. Simply put, it measures the unstable elements in rocks. The following is from www.space.com.
“The oldest rocks on Earth found to date are the Acasta Gneisses in northwestern Canada near the Great Slave Lake, which are 4.03 billion years old. Rocks older than 3.5 billion years can be found on all continents. Greenland boasts the Isua Supracrustal rocks (3.7 to 3.8 billion years old), while rocks in Swaziland are 3.4 to 3.5 billion years. Samples in Western Australia run 3.4 to 3.6 billion years old”.
The oldest sample found was zirconium silicate crystals. The following is from the same article from www.space.com.
“Research groups in Australia found the oldest mineral grains on Earth. These tiny zirconium silicate crystals have ages that reach 4.3 billion years, making them the oldest materials found on Earth so far. Their source rocks have not yet been found”.
The very small difference in the ages between the samples tested and the earth is based on the planet being older than the particles sitting upon it. There are many resources on any of these processes or methods and can be accessed for further study. To give you an idea, Google found 750 million references in a half a second of searching the phrase, “how old is the universe”. With endless resources, take the time to understand the scientific perspective of both the age of the universe and the age of the earth itself.
Knowing what someone believes is important, but knowing why they believe what they believe is key. Dr. Steven Dill stated in his book “In the Beginnings” the following which defines his term, "Mental Inertia".
“An idea believed tends to stay believed, and an idea rejected tends to stay rejected. It takes less evidence to convince someone they are right than to convince them they are wrong”.
Knowing the truth about creation requires knowing what is revealed by the only one that was there. Remember that God does not always play all his cards at once. Until Jesus came, the prophecies concerning Him were not fully understood. For example, when the Jewish leadership rejected Christ, they rejected God’s Word. They were given the prophecies of the coming Messiah and rejected Him. Why? Because He didn’t come in the manner or do the things that they thought should be done. This goes back to Dr. Dill’s “Mental Inertia”. They Pharisees did not believe in God’s prophecies, they believed in their interpretation of God’s prophecies. It is interesting that God’s written Word became God’s living Word. However, please do not gloat, most do the same today? If it doesn’t fit what we believe it says, it must be wrong. This can sometimes make us deny what we see in order to keep to what we believe.
When Albert Einstein helped us understand the space-time continuum, did we believe it was created at that moment? God created it in Genesis 1:1, although it wasn’t until Einstein that we really started to grasp what was being defined for us. It has always been there but needed to be observed by someone that could help define it. There are many principals of science that are revealed in the Bible and have been in our possession for thousands of years. Yet? We have not fully grasped them until observed through a telescope or under a microscope. It does not mean that the information was not there.
The Bible is an infinite resource, but even science and nature have things that are not defined in the Bible. There are things about creation that are observed that do not have a clear definition in the Bible. What about black holes or quantum physics? Science will always be a compliment to the Bible. When you understand that God created everything, science helps by allowing observation to attest to it.
Dr. Dills also points out something that makes a very interesting point. Science can not always explain everything. When God reveals something to us, it is true whether we can verify it or not. He uses the example that God can create a planet with grapes. Those grapes are used to make wine. Yet, God can make wine without grapes. Jesus turned regular water into wine. He states that it was not to teach us that our normal observations are wrong, but to teach us that they are limited.
This will be one of the shortest sections because my expertise is not in physics or astronomy. However, the reader will see facts and numbers strewn about in the upcoming sections that will give them perspective on my Biblical analysis. Do not be fooled by many words spoken by anyone. Simplicity is the key to the gospel and the same writer of the gospel is the same writer that framed our universe.
As for Thomas Dolby? Maybe it is “poetry in motion”; the universe that is.